Save Sumatran Orangutan from Extinction

Did you know that the sumatran orangutan has a close kinship to humans at levels kingdom animalia, where orang utan have DNA similarity rate of 96.4%. Orang utan including vertebrate animals, which means that they have a spine, orangutans also includes mammals and primates.

Do you know what it is called an orangutan? Orang utan or orangutans, the other name is a kind of introspective great apes with long arms and hairy reddish or brown, which live in the tropical forests of Indonesia and Malaysia, particularly on the island of Borneo and Sumatra. Orang utan has a fat body and a big, big necked, long and strong arms, short legs and bowed, and did not have a tail. There are two species of orangutan, the Bornean orangutan / Borneo (Pongo pygmaeus) and the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii).

What food orang utan? Although orangutans including omnivorous animals, most of them only eat plants, 90% of food in the form of fruits. Food orang-utan, among others, bark, leaves, flowers, some types of insects, and about 300 types of fruits. In addition orang utan also feed on nectar, honey and mushrooms. Orang utan also like to eat durian, although the sharp aroma, but orang utan like it.

What makes the endangered orang-utan? Orangutans are the largest predatory humans, nonhuman orangutans are also preyed upon by leopards, pig, crocodile, python and black eagle.

Orangutan populations are increasingly Endangered

Orangutans are currently only found in Sumatra and Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Because the residence is a dense forest, it is difficult to estimate the exact number of the population. In Borneo, the orangutan population is estimated at around 55,000 people, while in Sumatra, the number is estimated at around 200 individuals, this occurs due to excessive land clearing.

The biggest threat Orang Utan

The biggest threat being experienced by orangutan habitat is increasingly narrow because of the rain forest area that became home made as palm oil, mining and trees felled for timber.

Orangutan has lost 80% of its habitat in less than 20 years. Quite often they are also injured and even killed by farmers and landowners because they are considered pests.

If a female orangutan was found with child, then the parent will be killed and his son then sold in the illegal pet trade.
Established a rehabilitation center for treating oranutan sick, injured and who have lost their mother. They were treated with the aim to be returned to their natural habitat.

Conflicts between Orangutans and Human Greed

Deadly conflict that often occurs in the plantation is where orangutan habitat is diminishing because of forest clearance must find enough food to survive.

Orangutans are one of the protected species and endangered, is often seen as a threat to plantations advantage because they are regarded as pests and should be killed.

Orangutans usually killed when they entered the plantation area and damaging crops. This often happens because orangutans could not find the food they need in the forests where they live.

In theory, the Sumatra orangutan has been protected in the legislation since 1931, which prohibits to own, killing or capturing orangutans.

But in fact, the hunters still hunt them, mostly for the pet trade.

On international law, orangutans included in Appendix I of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species), which prohibits trade because given the conservation status of this species wild-free.

However, there is still plenty of demand for baby orangutan, both the demand for local, national and international levels to be used as pets.

Orangutan child is very dependent on its mother for survival and also in the development process, to take a child from its mother orangutan then be killed.

It is estimated that, for every baby who survived the capture and transport of representing the death of an adult female orangutan.

According to data from the WWF website, is thought to have occurred importing 1,000 orangutans to Taiwan tail that occurred between 1985 and 1990.

For every orangutan who arrived in Taiwan, then there are 3 to 5 other animals that die in the process.

Trade orangutans have been reported in Kalimantan, where both the orangutan was alive or dead also remains unsold.

Sumatran orangutans have been included in the classification Critically Endangered on the IUCN.

Its population declined rapidly until this moment, let us save the orangutan, the Sumatran orangutan and the Borneo particular.

Thank You
Warm Regards
Anda Sumatra Tour and Travel

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